Olive oil (Olivae oleum)

Published September 21, 1991.
List of German Commission E Monographs (Phytotherapy)


Name of Drug

Olivae oleum, olive oil.

Composition of Drug

Olive oil consists of the fatty oil of the ripe drupes of Olea europaea L. s.l. [Fam. Oleaceae], obtained by cold-pressed or other suitable mechanical procedures, as well as preparations thereof.


Preparations of Olive oil are used for cholangiitis, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, icterus, flatulence, meteorism, lack of bacteria in the intestines, Roemheld syndrome, as a depurative, mild laxative, for spastic constipation, as an intestinal lubricant, as well as externally for wound dressing, and for minor burns and psoriasis.

In combinations, preparations of Olive oil are used for the prevention and therapy of stretch marks due to pregnancy (ointment), for wounds, burns and muscle tears, for firming the breasts (dragee, soft gelatin capsule), for ringing and pain of the ears (ear drops) and as nose drops.

The effectiveness of the claimed applications is not documented.


In rare cases, applications on the skin can cause allergic reactions.


The therapeutic use of Olive oil for gallstones cannot be justified, because of the risk of triggering gallbladder colic.

Since the effectiveness for the other claimed uses is not documented, a therapeutic application cannot be recommended.