Fixed Combinations of Anise oil, Fennel oil, and Caraway oil

Published August 13, 1991.
List of German Commission E Monographs (Phytotherapy)

Composition of Drug

Fixed combinations consisting of:

Anise oil corresponding to April 11, 1988 (B. Anz. p. 2943);
Fennel oil corresponding to March 11, 1991 (B. Anz. p. 2742);
Caraway oil corresponding to December 14, 1989 (B. Anz. 22a, February 1, 1990);

and their preparations in effective dosage.


Dyspeptic discomfort, especially withmild spasms of the gastrointestinal region, flatulence, and a sensation of fullness.


Oversensitivity to anise, fennel, or anethole. Pregnancy. Not to be used for infants and small children.

Side Effects

In individual cases, allergic reactions of the skin, respiratory tract, and gastrointestinal tract.

Interactions with Other Drugs

None known.


Unless otherwise prescribed:

The individual components of the combination must be present at 30 - 50 percent of the recommended daily dosage in the monographs for the individual herbs.

Mode of Administration

Essential oils and other galenical preparations for oral intake.

Duration of Use

Fennel preparations should not be taken over extended time periods (several weeks) without consultation with a physician or pharmacist.


A spasmolytic and antibacterial effect is documented for preparations of caraway oil, fennel oil, and anise oil. Pharmacological tests for the effectiveness of fixed combinations are not available.