Saw Palmetto berry (Sabal fructus)

Published March 2, 1989; Revised February 1, 1990, and January 17, 1991.
List of German Commission E Monographs (Phytotherapy)

Sabal früchte

Name of Drug

Sabal fructus, saw palmetto berry.

Composition of Drug

Saw palmetto berry consists of the ripe, dried fruit of Serenoa repens (Bartram) Small (syn. Sabal serrulata (Michaux) Nuttall ex Schultes) [Fam. Arecaceae], as well as its preparations in effective dosage.

The drug contains fatty oil with phytosterols and polysaccharides.


Urination problems in benign prostatic hyperplasia stages I and II.


None known.

Side Effects

In rare cases, stomach problems.

Interactions with Other Drugs

None known.


Daily dosage:

1 - 2 g saw palmetto berry or 320 mg lipophilic ingredients extracted with lipophilic solvents (hexane or ethanol 90 percent v/v); equivalent preparations. Mode of Administration Comminuted herb and other galenical preparations for oral use.



Note: This medication relieves only the symptoms associated with an enlarged prostate without reducing the enlargement. Please consult a physician at regular intervals.

Ed. note: Stage I is characterized by increase in frequency of urination, pollakiuria (abnormally frequent urination), nocturea (urination at night), delayed onset of urination, and weak urinary stream. Stage II is characterized by the beginning of the decompensation of the bladder function accompanied by formation of residual urine and urge to urinate.]. -->