Peony flower and root (Paeoniae flos, radix)

Published May 5, 1988.
List of German Commission E Monographs (Phytotherapy)


Name of Drug

Paeoniae flos, peony flower.
Paeoniae radix, peony root.

Composition of Drug

Peony flower consists of the petals of Paeonia officinalis L. emend. Willdenow s. l. and/or P. mascula (L.) Miller s.l. [Fam. Paeoniaceae], as well as preparations thereof.

Peony root consists of the dried secondary roots of P. officinalis L. emend. Willdenow s.l. and/or P. mascula (L.) Miller s.l., as well as preparations thereof.


Peony flower is used for diseases of the skin and mucous membranes, fissures, anal fissures associated with hemorrhoids, gout, arthritis, also for ailments of the respiratory tract, and in combinations for nervous conditions, heart trouble and gastritis. The effectiveness of peony flower for the claimed applications is not verified.

Peony root is used for spasms of various kinds and origins, in combinations as a supplement for arthritis, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, for the heart and circulatory system, neurasthenia and neurasthenic symptoms, neuralgia, migraine, allergic complaints, and as a tonic.

The effectiveness of peony root for the claimed applications is not documented.


None known.


Since the efficacy of peony preparations is not documented, the therapeutic administration cannot be recommended.

There are no objections to the use of peony flower as a brightening agent for tea mixtures.