Birch leaf (Betulae folium)

Published March 13, 1986.
List of German Commission E Monographs (Phytotherapy)


Name of Drug

Betulae folium, birch leaf.

Composition of Drug

Birch leaf consists of the fresh or dried leaf of Betula pendula Roth (syn. B. verrucosa Ehrhart), or B. pubescens Ehrhart [Fam. Betulaceae], or of both species, as well as its preparations in effective dosage.

The leaves contain at least 1.5 percent flavonoids, calculated as hyperoside and expressed in terms of the dried herb. In addition to flavonoids, the herb contains saponin, tannins and essential oil.


Irrigation therapy for bacterial and inflammatory diseases of the urinary tract and for kidney gravel; supportive therapy for rheumatic ailments.


None known.

Note: No irrigation therapy if edema exists due to impaired heart and kidney function.

Side Effects

None known.

Interactions with Other Drugs

None known.


Unless otherwise prescribed:

Average daily dosage:

2 - 3 g of herb several times daily; equivalent preparations. Mode of Administration Comminuted herb or dry extracts for teas, as well as other galenical preparations and freshly pressed plant juices for oral use.

Note: For irrigation therapy, observe copious fluid intake.