Chamomile flower, German (Matricariae flos)

Published December 5, 1984; Revised March 13, 1990.
List of German Commission E Monographs (Phytotherapy)


Name of Drug

Matricariae flos, chamomile.

Composition of Drug

Chamomile, consisting of fresh or dried flower heads of Matricaria recutita L. (syn. Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rauschert) [Fam. Asteraceae], and preparations thereof at effective dosage. The flowers contain at least 0.4 percent (v/w) essential oil. Main ingredients of the essential oil are a-bisabolol or bisabolol oxide A and B.

The flowers also contain matricin and flavone derivatives such as apigenin and apigenin-7-glucoside.



Skin and mucous membrane inflammations, as well as bacterial skin diseases, including those of the oral cavity and gums. Inflammations and irritations of the respiratory tract (inhalations).
Ano-genital inflammation (baths and irrigation). Internal:

Gastrointestinal spasms and inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Contraindications None known.

Side Effects

None known.

Interactions with Other Drugs

None known.


Boiling water (ca. 150 ml) is poured over a heaping tablespoon of chamomile (ca. 3 g), covered, and after 5 - 10 minutes passed through a tea strainer.

Unless otherwise prescribed, for gastrointestinal complaints a cup of the freshly prepared tea is drunk three or four times a day between meals. For inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat, the freshly prepared tea is used as a wash or gargle.


For poultices and rinses, 3 - 10 percent infusions; As a bath additive, 50 g - 10 liters (approximately 2-½ gallons) water; Semi-solid formulations with preparations corresponding to 3 - 10 percent herb. Mode of Administration Liquid and solid preparations for external and internal application.


Promotes wound healing
Stimulates skin metabolism.