Mistletoe stem (Visci albi stipites)

Published June 29, 1994.
List of German Commission E Monographs (Phytotherapy)

Mistelstengel

Name of Drug

Visci albi stipites, mistletoe stem

Composition of Drug

Mistletoe stem consists of the fresh or dried stems of Viscum album L. [Fam. Viscaceae] and preparations thereof.

Pharmacological Properties, Pharmacokinetics, Toxicology

None known.

Clinical Data 1. Combination Partners The drug and its preparations are combined with the following drugs or substances: disodium salt, aloe, ammi visnaga berries (bishop's weed), angelica root, anise, arnica flowers, belladonna (potencies)*, valerian root, barium carbonate (potencies), barium chlorate (potencies), blessed thistle, berberis root, broom, birch leaves, bladderwrack, stinging nettle, calcium lactate-pentahydrate, cola seed, hawthorn (potencies), cyanocobalamin, foxglove (potencies), carline thistle, marshmallow, gentian root, frangula, fennel, dried magnesium sulphate, glycerol-1(2) dihydrogen phosphate mixture from iron (iii) salts, witch hazel bark, motherwort (herba leonuri cardiacae), hop cones, hyperoside, St. John's Wort, potassium-sodium (r,r)-tartrate times 4 H2O, potassium-hydroaspartate, potassium sulphate, calamus root, poppy flowers, garlic, coriander, cornflower petals, lavender flowers, dandelion plant, magnesium-hydroaspartate dihydrite, magnesium peroxide, fructus cardui mariae, masterwort stem, balm leaves, mistletoe, nicotinamide, agrimonia, parsley root, peppermint leaves, phenobarbital, rue, vomitoria (potencies), rauvolfia root, retinol, rhubarb root, marigold flowers, robinia flowers, rosemary leaves, horse chestnut seeds, cudweeds, rutin, seedless garden bean pods, horsetail, yarrow, pagoda tree flower buds, celandine, sulphur, selenicereus grandiflorus (potencies), senna leaves, senna pods, spigelia anthelmia (potencies), centaury, aneurin (vitamin B1), dried brewer's yeast, troxerutin, mistletoe (potencies), whitethorn berries, whitethorn leaves with flowers, whitethorn flowers, meadow clover leaves, anthyllis flowers, cinnamon bark. Ed. note: "Potencies" refers to homeopathic preparations of a substance.] --> 2. Reported Indications for Therapeutic Use in the Above Combinations For its calming effect; in the treatment of mental and physical exhaustion; as a tranquilizer against nervous conditions such as agitation, anxiety and increased excitability; for menopausal symptoms; sleeplessness; exam nerves; stage fright; hot flashes; blood rushes to the head; inner nervousness; to calm and strengthen the heart in the case of nervous heart irregularities; in the treatment of high and low blood pressure; in the early stages of treatment of arteriosclerosis, for muzziness, headaches, buzzing in the ears, dizziness, mood swings; latent cardiac insufficiency, presbycardia, functional heart and circulatory complaints, cor nervosa; prophylaxis and treatment of arteriosclerosis, vascular disease, circulatory disorders, hypertonia, hardening of the arteries, circulatory and metabolic disorders of the heart, myocardial insufficiency, cardiac arrhythmia, cardiasthenia during and after infectious diseases, prophylaxis and treatment after cardiac arrest, nervous heart conditions, heart palpitations during states of agitation, anxiety, apprehension and tension; heart complaints during menopause; weather-dependent heart complaints, unstable blood pressure, nervousness, tendency to dizzy spells, pressure headaches, shortness of breath, weak spells, circulatory complaints, varicose veins, hemorrhoids, venous congestion, lazy bowel, cholelithiasis, cholecystitis, icterus, hepatitis, dyspepsia, constipation.

There is no evidence of the efficacy of mistletoe stem in any of the given combinations.

3. Risks

None known.

Evaluation

Since the efficacy of combinations has not been sufficiently documented in the above-named areas, therapeutic use of mistletoe stem cannot be recommended.