Cajeput oil (Cajeputi aetheroleum)

Published July 14, 1993.
List of German Commission E Monographs (Phytotherapy)

Cajeputöl

Name of Drug

Cajeputi aetheroleum, cajeput oil.

Composition of Drug

Cajeput oil consists of the essential oil from the fresh leaf and branch tops of various species of Melaleuca leucodendra L. [Fam. Myrtaceae], obtained by water distillation, as well as preparations thereof in effective dosage.

Pharmacological Properties, Pharmacokinetics, Toxicology

In vitro antimicrobial, hyperemic.

Clinical Data 1. Combination Partner in the Following Herb Combinations
Cajeput oil, peppermint oil, clove oil, menthol, camphor Cajeput oil, peppermint oil, clove oil, eucalyptus oil Cajeput oil, sage oil, clove oil, eucalyptus oil Cajeput oil, clove oil, eucalyptus oil Cajeput oil, peppermint oil, eucalyptus oil Cajeput oil, rosemary oil, arnica tincture Cajeput oil, niauli oil (from Melaleuca viridiflora), peppermint oil, eucalyptus oil Cajeput oil, peppermint oil, eucalyptus oil. Cajeput oil, eucalyptus oil Cajeput oil, dwarf pine oil, clove oil, juniper oil, peppermint oil, eucalyptus oil, wintergreen oil, menthol. Cajeput oil, peppermint oil, eucalyptus oil, juniper oil, wintergreen oil Cajeput oil, peppermint oil, spearmint oil, eucalyptus oil, juniper oil, wintergreen oil, bergamot oil, star anise oil, cinnamon oil, pine needle oil. Cajeput oil, peppermint oil, spearmint oil, eucalyptus oil, juniper oil, wintergreen oil, bergamot oil, star anise oil, cinnamon oil, pine needle oil Cajeput oil, St. John's Wort flower, dwarf pine oil, rosemary oil Cajeput oil, castor fiber, bitter tincture, cinchona bark, peppermint oil, caraway oil, valerian tincture, ethyl ether Cajeput oil, eucalyptus oil, menthol, clove oil, peppermint oil, juniper berry oil, cinnamon oil, lemon balm oil, wintergreen oil, star anise oil Cajeput oil, dwarf pine oil, rosemary oil, niauli oil, juniper berry oil, peppermint oil, eucalyptus oil. Cajeput oil, camphor, menthol, rosemary oil, cayenne, methyl salicylate, benzyl nicotinate Cajeput oil, arnica herb, witch hazel leaf, niauli oil, peppermint oil, Peruvian balsam, eucalyptus oil, 2 homeopathic preparations. Cajeput oil, spruce needle oil, rosemary oil, eucalyptus oil, purified turpentine. Cajeput oil, thyme oil, dwarf pine oil, rosemary oil, Siberian fir oil, juniper berry oil, menthol, camphor, eucalyptus oil. Cajeput oil, purified turpentine, camphor, 10 percent ammonia solution Cajeput oil, eucalyptus oil, Peruvian balsam, blackthorn fruits, 2 homeopathic preparations. Cajeput oil, arbor vitae leaf oil, sassafras root oil, cognac oil, 1 homeopathic preparation Cajeput oil, arbor vitae leaf oil, sassafras root oil, concentrated Virginian juniper wood oil, sulfurated turpentine. Cajeput oil, fennel oil, caraway oil, juniper berry oil, turpentine, laurel berry oil Cajeput oil, camphor, rosemary oil, spruce needle oil, turpentine, sage oil, methyl salicylate. Cajeput oil, anise oil, lemon oil, eucalyptus oil, fennel oil, caraway oil, menthol, clove oil, peppermint oil, juniper berry oil, cinnamon oil, citronella oil, rosemary oil, dwarf pine oil, pine needle oil, thyme oil, wintergreen oil, garlic oil, bitter orange peel oil, sassafras root oil, dill oil, spearmint oil, convolvulus root oil Cajeput oil, juniper berry oil, rosemary oil, essential nutmeg oil, rosin, marjoram oil, fatty nutmeg oil, turpentine, rue oil, spruce resin, juniper wood oil, purified turpentine, laurel fruit oil, star anise oil Cajeput oil, anise oil, eucalyptus oil, clove oil, peppermint oil, juniper berry oil, cinnamon oil, citronella oil, rosemary oil, dwarf pine oil, sage oil, wintergreen oil. Cajeput oil, anise oil, lemon oil, eucalyptus oil, fennel oil, glycerol, caraway oil, menthol, myrrh tincture, clove oil, peppermint oil, vanillin, cinnamon oil, thyme oil, sage oil, lemon balm oil Cajeput oil, camphor, 10 percent ammonia solution, sodium hydroxide, turpentine, cayenne, ceresin, potassium hydroxide Cajeput oil, camphor, eucalyptus oil, purified turpentine, rosemary oil, spruce needle oil, allantoin, sage oil, methyl salicylate, sodium pentadecyl sulfonate, chlorophyll nonoxinol, dodecylpoly (oxyethylene)-x-hydrogen sulfate Cajeput oil, aloe, myrrh gum, calendula flower, rosemary leaf, arnica leaf, Peruvian balsam, 1 homeopathic preparation Cajeput oil, camphor, aloe, myrrh gum, calendula flower, rosemary leaf, arnica flower, Peruvian balsam, 1 homeopathic preparation Cajeput oil, St. John's Wort, aloe, myrrh gum, calendula flower, rosemary leaf, arnica flower, Peruvian balsam, 1 homeopathic preparation Cajeput oil, purified turpentine, bitter orange flower oil, Chinese cinnamon oil, camphor, herb Robert (Geranium robertianum), St. John's Wort, galbanum gum, figwort herb, calendula herb, oak bark, mugwort herb, blue malva flower, goldenrod herb, pine sprouts. Cajeput oil, pine needle oil, herb Robert, St. John's Wort, figwort herb, calendula herb, oak bark, mugwort, mallow flower, goldenrod herb, pine sprouts. Cajeput oil, camphor, eucalyptus oil, menthol, purified turpentine, juniper berry oil, Siberian fir oil, rosemary oil, pine needle oil, thyme oil, pine sprouts Cajeput oil, camphor, eucalyptus oil, menthol, purified turpentine, juniper berry oil, Siberian fir oil, rosemary oil, pine needle oil, chlorophyll, pine sprouts, 1 homeopathic preparation. Cajeput oil, niauli oil, sage oil, seven chemically defined components Cajeput oil, eucalyptus oil, camphor, menthol, thyme oil, niauli oil, rosemary oil, dwarf pine oil, spruce needle oil, fir oil, sage oil, arborvitae leaf oil, fir cone oil, spearmint oil, -cetyl stearyl-t-hydroxypoly-(oxyethylene)-12 Cajeput oil, menthol, peppermint oil, spearmint oil, eucalyptus oil, juniper berry oil, wintergreen oil, bergamot oil, cinnamon oil, pine needle oil. 2. Claimed Uses for the Above-Named Combinations (by corresponding number) Muscle and joint pain associated with rheumatic disease; also arthrosis, neuralgia, sciatica, lumbago, intervertebral disc and lower back problems, muscle strain, such as stiff neck, pain connected with sport injuries, such as sprains, contusions, strains, symptoms of cold, such as nasal catarrh, cough, sore throat, bronchial discomforts, itching due to insect bites, for sports massage For increased chance of infections, for catarrhal diseases, antiinflammatory, disinfectant, refreshing for sports massage For poorly healing and infected wounds, leg ulcers Hemorrhoids Internally for cough, hoarseness, congestion, gastric discomfort, flatulence. Externally for arthritis, lumbago, headaches. Rheumatism of all origins, neuralgia, lumbago, sciatica, tendovaginitis, periostitis, epicondylitis Externally for catarrhal diseases, arthritis, neuralgia. Internally for spasms of the gastrointestinal tract and for helminthiasis Colds, nasal catarrhs, pain of nerves and limbs, lumbago, arthritis, first aid for toothache Protection for sore throat, nose and pharynx, improved blood supply for the respiratory system, soothing, calming Nervous headache, colds, nerve pain, neuralgia, nervous stomach, overexertion, exhaustion, flatulence, hematoma, intestinal catarrh, insect bites, calf cramps, toothache Cooling, calming, pain-relieving, promoting increased blood circulation, disinfectant for sprains, strains, contusions, dislocations, calf cramps, protection for insect bites Disinfectant for oral and pharyngeal cavity, for hoarseness, sore throat, cough, congestion Colds, cough, hoarseness, nasal catarrh, catarrh, headaches, exhaustion, abdominal and stomach pain of nervous origin, intestinal catarrh, nerve pain and neuralgia, rheumatic conditions, sprains, calf cramps, minor wounds, toothache Neuralgia, rheumatism, lumbago, sciatica, disorders of the vertebra, arthritis, arthrosis As a stomachic Internally for shortness of breath, for bronchial asthma (calming cough irritation, expectorant), cardiac asthma, for catarrhal diseases, disturbances of the digestive system, gastric spasms, flatulence. Externally for rheumatic discomforts, lumbago, migraine, and insect bites Headaches, nerve pain, influenza symptoms, fever, rheumatic pain, sciatica, lumbago, colds, cough, nasal catarrh, hoarseness Neuralgia, rheumatism, sciatica, lumbago Percutaneous liniment for catarrhal diseases of the respiratory tract, for arthritis, rheumatism, and insect bites. Supportive treatment of circulatory disorders, for increased blood supply, frostbite, for all forms of rheumatism Muscle rheumatism, joint rheumatism, pain in the limbs, sciatica, lumbago, insufficient blood supply, lower back pain, for all rheumatic diseases, muscle pain, back pain, shoulder pain, pain in the arms, tendonitis, stiffness of the joints, bruises, sprains Rheumatism, lumbago, sciatica, muscle and nerve pain, trigeminal neuralgia, inflammation of the joints, sprains, dislocations, contusions, hematoma Catarrh of the nasal mucosa, hypertrophy of the mucous membrane, hay fever (also prophylactic), as an adjuvant for ailments of the paranasal sinuses Any kind of skin disorder, eczema, fistulae, furuncles Dyscratic symptoms, "humoral disorders," rashes, psoriasis, eczema Flatulence and abdominal spasms Adjuvant to circulatory and metabolic disorders For prophylaxis of muscle soreness, before and after exertion in sport and work, during the season of increased danger of infections as a preventative for colds, for oral hygiene, for foot care before and after strenuous walking and extended standing, for promotion of blood circulation, for inhalation, mucolytic, prophylactic of the respiratory organs Rheumatic muscle and joint pain, tendovaginitis, sciatica, prophylaxis of phlebitis, sport injuries, massages for nerve pain Oral remedy: colds, cough, hoarseness, nasal catarrh, flu-like infections, nervous gastric discomfort, nausea, as a gargle for infections of the throat, as an inhalant for cough, hoarseness, nasal catarrh As a tonic for the nerves, for sensitivity to changes in the weather, fatigue, drowsiness and restlessness, after physical and mental exertion, for daily oral hygiene, for discomfort due to dentures, as prophylaxis for colds, for danger of infection, for hoarseness and voice care, for insect bites, for prevention of skin blemishes and athlete's foot, for promotion of physical resistance and daily fitness to variations in temperature, as a deodorant, for care of the muscles and sports massage, as support for the digestive process, as prophylaxis for gastrointestinal discomforts, such as feeling of fullness and bloating As hyperemic, segment therapy, pain of various origins, acute and chronic rheumatoid disorders, lumbago, arthritis, bronchitis, symptomatic for flu-like infections Supportive treatment for circulatory disorders, for increased blood supply, frostbite, for all types of rheumatism As a nourishing ointment for wounds, skin and healing, restoration of the skin and promotion to granulation Disc damage, brachialgia, osteochondritis, radiculitis, spondylitis, arthrosis deformans Arthritis, arthrosis, sciatica, neuralgia, rheumatism, strains, dislocations, bruises, contusions, muscle cramps after overexertion, periodontitis, gingivitis, furunculosis, sore throat, frostbite. Metabolic hypofunction of the intestinal tract and tissues, intestinal sluggishness, wounds, gout, rheumatism, ulcerations, skin problems, frost impacts, myocardial insufficiency, muscular atrophy, dystrophic nervous disturbances Metabolic hypofunction of the intestinal tract and tissues, intestinal sluggishness, wounds, gout, rheumatism, ulcerations, skin problems, frostbite, myocardial insufficiency, muscular atrophy, dystrophic nervous disturbances. As a liniment for rheumatic discomforts, pain in the limbs, painful strains, for migraine-like headaches, as an ointment and inhalant for cough and bronchitis. Rheumatic pain of muscles and joints, sciatica, lumbago, strains, neuralgia, fatigue after sports exertion. Infectious, allergic and atrophic diseases of the mucous membrane of the oral-pharyngeal cavity, nasal catarrh, hay fever, congestion and dry irritations of the nose, acute and chronic catarrhs. Catarrhs of the upper respiratory tract, influenza-like infections, cough, acute and chronic catarrh, acute, chronic and spastic bronchitis, circulatory disturbances of the skin, frostbite, heavy and painful legs, discomforts of rheumatic origin, pain of the limbs and muscles, lumbago, nervous disorders, conditions of fatigue, psychogenic heart problems, headaches. Cooling and ice-treatment for sports injuries without wounds, pain-relieving for contusions, muscle spasms, strains, cryotherapy for swellings, muscular pain, sprains, tendonitis (tennis elbow). Disorders of tendons, prevention of hematomas and secondary symptoms. 3. Contraindications For infants and small children, cajeput preparations should not be applied in the facial areas, especially the nose.

Dosage and Mode of Administration

No data are available indicating the dosage for the drug in combination preparations. According to information in the literature, cajeput oil as a mono-preparation is used externally as a 5 percent alcohol solution. The dosage depends in each case on the contribution of the individual drugs in the respective combinations and must be documented specifically for each preparation.

Evaluation

Because of the cineol content and the documented experience for the use of the drug as a rubefacient, a qualitatively positive contribution to the effectiveness of the combinations for external use for rheumatic and neuralgic discomforts can be assumed. No information is available for internal use.