Ginseng root (Ginseng radix)

Published January 17, 1991.
List of German Commission E Monographs (Phytotherapy)


Name of Drug

Ginseng radix, ginseng root.

Composition of Drug

Ginseng root consists of the dried main and lateral root and root hairs of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer [Fam. Araliaceae], as well as their preparations in effective dosage.

The root contains at least 1.5 percent ginsenosides, calculated as ginsenoside Rg1.


As tonic for invigoration and fortification in times of fatigue and debility, for declining capacity for work and concentration, also during convalescence.


None known.

Side Effects

None known.

Interactions with Other Drugs

None known.


Unless otherwise prescribed:

Daily dosage:

1 - 2 g of root; equivalent preparations. Mode of Administration Cut root for teas, powder and galenical preparations for internal use.

Duration of Administration

Generally up to 3 months.

A repeated course is feasible.


In various stress models, e.g., an immobilization test and the coldness test, the resistance of laboratory test animals (rodents) was increased.