Published September 1, 1990.
List of German Commission E Monographs (Phytotherapy)
Rosae pseudofructus cum fructibus, rose hip and seed.
Rose hip and seed consist of the ripe, fresh or dried " fruit" of various species of the genus Rosa L. [Fam. Rosaceae], freed from seeds and attached trichomes, as well as preparations thereof.
Preparations of rose hip and seed are used for prevention and treatment of colds and influenza-like infections, infectious diseases, prophylaxis and therapy of vitamin C deficiencies, fever, for increase in the immune mechanism during general exhaustion, gastric spasms, gastric acid deficiency, prevention of inflammation of the gastric mucosa and gastric ulcers, as a "stomach tonic," for intestinal diseases, for diarrhea, as prophylaxis of intestinal catarrhs, as a laxative, for gallstones, gallbladder discomforts and ailments, diseases and discomforts of the lower urinary tract, dropsy, as a "tonic for the kidneys," as a diuretic, for gout, metabolic disorders of the uric acid metabolism, arthritis, sciatica, diabetes, inadequate peripheral circulation, as an astringent, for lung ailments, and as an eye rinse.
The effectiveness of the herb for most of its claimed applications is not documented. The effectiveness for therapy and prophylaxis of possible vitamin C deficiency is questionable because of the low and rapidly decreasing content of vitamin C.
Since the effectiveness of the herb for some claims is not sufficiently documented and, for other claims, not documented at all, a therapeutic application cannot be recommended. The consumption of rose hip preparations as a vitamin C-containing food is primarily assigned to the food industry.
There is no objection to the use of the herb as a flavor corrigent in tea mixtures.