Rose Hip (Rosae pseudofructus)

Published September 1, 1990.
List of German Commission E Monographs (Phytotherapy)

Hagebuttenschalen

Name of Drug

Rosae pseudofructus, rose hip.

Composition of Drug

Rose hip consists of the ripe, fresh or dried seed receptacle of various species of the genus Rosa L. [Fam. Rosaceae], freed from seeds and attached trichomes, as well as preparations thereof.

Uses

Preparations of rose hips are used for the prevention and treatment of colds, chills, and influenza-type infections, infectious diseases, for the prevention and treatment of vitamin C deficiencies, to increase resistance, gastric-juice deficiency, bowel disorders, to aid digestion, for gallstones, biliary complaints and colic, complaints and disorders of the lower urinary tract, edema, for "strengthening the kidneys," as a diuretic, for arthritis, rheumatic disorders, and as an eyewash.

The activity in most of the aforementioned indications has not been substantiated. The activity in treating or preventing possible vitamin C deficiency is questionable in view of the herb's low vitamin C content that rapidly declines with storage.

Risks

None known.

Evaluation

Since the effectiveness for some claims is not sufficiently documented and for others not at all, a therapeutic application cannot be recommended, if only because of the rapidly decreasing vitamin C content.

The consumption of rose hip preparations as a vitamin C-containing food is primarily assigned to the food industry. There is no objection to its use as a taste enhancer in tea mixtures.