Garlic (Allii sativi bulbus)

Published July 6, 1988.
List of German Commission E Monographs (Phytotherapy)

Knoblauchzwiebel

Name of Drug

Allii sativi bulbus, garlic clove.

Composition of Drug

Garlic bulbs, consisting of fresh or carefully dried bulbs that consist of the main bulb with several secondary bulbs (cloves) of Allium sativum L. [Fam. Alliaceae], as well as its preparations in effective dosage.

Garlic contains alliin and its degradation products and sulfur-containing essential oil.

Uses

Supportive to dietary measures at elevated levels of lipids in blood.

Preventative measures for age-dependent vascular changes.

Contraindications

None known.

Side Effects

In rare instances there may be gastrointestinal symptoms, changes to the flora of the intestine, or allergic reactions.

Note:The odor of garlic may pervade the breath and skin.

Interactions with Other Drugs

None known.

Dosage

Unless otherwise prescribed:

Average daily dosage:

4 g fresh garlic; equivalent preparations. Mode of Administration The minced bulb and preparations thereof for internal use.

Actions

Antibacterial
Antimycotic
Lipid-lowering
Inhibition of platelet aggregation
Prolongation of bleeding and clotting time
Enhancement of fibrinolytic activity.