Bilberry fruit (Myrtilli fructus)

Published April 23, 1987; Revised March 13, 1990.
List of German Commission E Monographs (Phytotherapy)

Heidelbeeren

Name of Drug

Myrtilli fructus, bilberry, blueberry.

Composition of Drug

Bilberry consists of the dried, ripe fruit of Vaccinium myrtillus L. [Fam. Ericaceae], as well as its preparations in effective dosage.

The drug contains tannins, anthocyanins, and flavonoid glycosides.

Uses

Nonspecific, acute diarrhea.

Local therapy of mild inflammation of the mucous membranes of mouth and throat.

Contraindications

None known.

Side Effects

None known.

Interactions with Other Drugs

None known.

Dosage

Internal:

Daily dosage 20 - 60 g. External:

10 percent decoction; equivalent preparations. Mode of Administration Dried drug for infusions, as well as other galenical preparations for internal use and local application.

Duration of Administration

If diarrhea persists for more than 3 - 4 days, consult a physician.

Action

Astringent.