Cloves (Caryophylli flos)

Published November 30, 1985.
List of German Commission E Monographs (Phytotherapy)

Gewürznelken

Name of Drug

Caryophylli flos, cloves.

Composition of Drug

Cloves consist of the hand-picked and dried flower buds of Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merrill et L.M. Perry (syn. Jambosa caryophyllus (Sprengel) Niedenzu, Eugenia caryophyllata Thunberg) [Fam. Myrtaceae], as well as their preparations in effective dosage.

The drug contains at least 14 percent (v/w) essential oil, in reference to the dried drug.

Uses

Inflammatory changes of the oral and pharyngeal mucosa.

In dentistry, for topical anesthesia.

Contraindications

None known.

Side Effects

In concentrated form, oil of cloves may be irritating to mucosal tissues.

Interactions with Other Drugs

None known.

Dosage

Unless otherwise prescribed:

For mouth washes corresponding to 1 - 5 percent essential oil. In dentistry, undiluted essential oil. Mode of Administration Powdered, ground, or whole herb to obtain the essential oil, and other galenical preparations for topical use.

Actions

Antiseptic
Antibacterial
Antifungal
Antiviral
Topical anesthetic
Antispasmodic.