Mistletoe herb (Visci albi herba)

Published December 5, 1984.
List of German Commission E Monographs (Phytotherapy)

Mistelkraut

Name of Drug

Visci albi herba, mistletoe herb.

Composition of Drug

Mistletoe herb consists of fresh or dried younger branches with flowers and fruits of Viscum album L. [Fam. Viscaceae], as well as their preparations in effective dosage.

Uses

For treating degenerative inflammation of the joints by stimulating cuti-visceral reflexes following local inflammation brought about by intradermal injections.

As palliative therapy for malignant tumors through non-specific stimulation.

Contraindications

Protein hypersensitivity, chronic-progressive infections, e.g., tuberculosis.

Side Effects

Chills, high fever, headaches, angina, orthostatic circulatory disturbances and allergic reactions.

Interactions with Other Drugs

None known.

Dosage

Unless otherwise prescribed:

According to directions of the manufacturer. Mode of Administration Fresh plant, cut and powdered herb for the preparation of solutions for injections.

Actions

Intracutaneous injections cause local inflammations which can progress to necrosis.

In animal experiments cytostatic, nonspecific immune stimulation.

Note: The blood pressure-lowering effects and the therapeutic effectiveness for mild forms of hypertonia (borderline hypertonia) need further investigation.