Chamomile flower, German (Matricariae flos)

Published December 5, 1984; Revised March 13, 1990.
List of German Commission E Monographs (Phytotherapy)

Kamillenblüten

Name of Drug

Matricariae flos, chamomile.

Composition of Drug

Chamomile, consisting of fresh or dried flower heads of Matricaria recutita L. (syn. Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rauschert) [Fam. Asteraceae], and preparations thereof at effective dosage. The flowers contain at least 0.4 percent (v/w) essential oil. Main ingredients of the essential oil are a-bisabolol or bisabolol oxide A and B.

The flowers also contain matricin and flavone derivatives such as apigenin and apigenin-7-glucoside.

Uses

External:

Skin and mucous membrane inflammations, as well as bacterial skin diseases, including those of the oral cavity and gums. Inflammations and irritations of the respiratory tract (inhalations).
Ano-genital inflammation (baths and irrigation). Internal:

Gastrointestinal spasms and inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Contraindications None known.

Side Effects

None known.

Interactions with Other Drugs

None known.

Dosage

Boiling water (ca. 150 ml) is poured over a heaping tablespoon of chamomile (ca. 3 g), covered, and after 5 - 10 minutes passed through a tea strainer.

Unless otherwise prescribed, for gastrointestinal complaints a cup of the freshly prepared tea is drunk three or four times a day between meals. For inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat, the freshly prepared tea is used as a wash or gargle.

External:

For poultices and rinses, 3 - 10 percent infusions; As a bath additive, 50 g - 10 liters (approximately 2-¬Ĺ gallons) water; Semi-solid formulations with preparations corresponding to 3 - 10 percent herb. Mode of Administration Liquid and solid preparations for external and internal application.

Actions

Antiphlogistic
Musculotropic
Antispasmodic
Promotes wound healing
Deodorant
Antibacterial
Bacteriostatic
Stimulates skin metabolism.